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ሽፈራው ወይም ሽፈሬ ተክል (Moringa Oleifera)

ሽፈራው ወይም ሽፈሬ ተክል (Moringa Oleifera)

ሽፈራው ወይም ሽፈሬ ትንሽ ሆኖ በፍጥነት የሚያድግ ቅጠል አርጋፊ ዛፍ ቁጥቋጦ ሲፍሆን፣ ሲያድግ ከፍታው እስከ  12 ሜትር ይደርሳል። መሰረቱ ከሕንድ ነው። እንጨቱ ለስላሳ ሲሆን፣ ጥልቅ ስር አለው። በደንብ የሚያድገው የሙቀቱ መጠን ከ26 እስከ 40 ዲግሪ ሴንቲግሬድ፣ የአመቱ ዝናብ ከ500 ሚሊ ሜትር ሲበልጥ እና ከፍታው ከ1000 ሜትር በታች ሲሆን ነው። የሚፈለፈል ፍሬ ቢያፈራም፣ የጥራጥሬ እህል ዘር አይደለም።               ሞሪንጋ ኦሊፌራ ሞሪንጋ ስቴኖፔታላ (Moringa Stenopetala) በኢትዮጵያ እና በኬኒያ በ2000 ሜትር ከፍታ ድርቅን በመከላከል የሚያድግ ሲሆን፣ ከሞሪንጋ ኦሊፌራ ጋር በጣም የተለያየ ነው። ቅጠሎቹና የሚያፈራው ዘር ትልልቅ ሲሆን፣ ተቀራራቢና ተመሳሳይ ንጥረ ነገሮች እንዳላቸው ይታሰባል።               ሞሪንጋ  ስቴኖፔታላ ዛፉ በፍጥነት የሚያድገው ከዘሩ ወይም ከተቆረጠው ተክል ሲሆን፣ በማይረባ አፈር ላይ እንኳን የበቅላል። ዛፉ ሲያድኛ ሲቆረጥ ብዙ ቅጠሎች ያወጣል። ምግብነቱ በጣም ጠቃሚ ነው። ቅጠሎቹ ለቫይታሚን ኤ፣ ቢ፣ እና ሲ ምንጭ ናቸው። ብዙ ማእድናትን ሲይዙ በተለይ በካልሲየም፣ በብረት፣ በፎስፎረስ እና በፕሮቲን የበለፀጉ ናቸው። ጎመን መሰል ተቀቅሎ ከሚበላ ቅጠል (spinach) የብረት ማእድን ይዘታቸው 3 እጅ ሲበልጥ፣ ቫይታሚን ኤ ካለበት ካሮት ደግሞ በ4 እጅ ይበልጣሉ። በሴኔጋል የምግብ እጥረት ለመቋቋም የሽፈራው ቅጠል ዱቄት በተለይ ለልጆች በጣም ስኬታማ ነበር። በትኩሱ ሊበሉ ወይም ሲያድጉ ደርቀውና ተወቅጠው ሲቀመጡም ሊበሉ ይችላሉ። መኸሩም በድርቅ ወራት ወይም ሌሎች አትክልቶችም ሌሎችም አትክልት ባሉበት ወቅት ሊሰበሰብ ይችላል።...

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